How is space represented in the brain? How are spatial relationships encoded in the neural network so as to frame our perception and to orient and guide our actions? How are mental images of the outside world generated? Although these questions have caused endless philosophical controversy, it is only recently that neurophysiology has advanced sufficiently to provide a sound scientific basis for the subject. In this book, leading authorities in the field describe their latest research, and provide new theoretical insights for the understanding of spatial relationships and cognition. The book is divided into five sections. The first is devoted to oculomotor control, linking the problem of gaze control to that of sensorimotor mapping of the visual space; the second deals with neural control of skeletal movements; the third discusses the contribution of the cortical parietal association areas to the mapping of spatial information of multimodal origin (with emphasis on the neuropsychology of spatial disorders); the fourth highlights the role of hippocampal structures in cognitive mapping of space and in spatial memory; and the final section examines how neural networks can map spatial relationships and generate internal representations of the physical world.
PART 1: David L. Sparks: The neural encoding of the location of targets for saccadic eye movements; D. Guitton, D. P. Munoz, & D. Pelisson : Spatio-temporal patterns of activity on the motor map of cat superior colliculus; Vincent Delreux, Sylvie Vanden Abeele, Philippe Lefevre, & Andre Roucoux: Eye-head co-ordination: influence of eye position on the control of head movement amplitude; M. Jeannerod: A neurophysiological model for the directional coding of reaching movements; John Schlag, Madeleine Schlag-Rey, & Paul Dassonville: Spatial programming of eye movements; PART 2: A. Berthoz: Reference frames for the perception and control of movement; Jean Pierre Roll, Regine Roll, & Jean-Luc Velay: Proprioception as a link between body space and extra-personal space; John F. Kalaska: Parietal cortex area 5: a neuronal representation of movement kinematics for kinaesthetic perception and movement control?; V.S. Gurfinkel & Yu S. Levick: Perceptual and automatic aspects of the postural body scheme; Jacques Paillard: Motor and representational framing of space; PART 3: J.F. Stein: Space and the parietal association areas; Jean-Rene Duhamel, Carol L. Colby, & Michael E. Goldberg: Congruent representations of visual and somatosensory space in single neurons of monkey ventral intra-parietal cortex (Area VIP); Graham Ratcliffe: Brain and space: some deductions from the clinical evidence; Edoardo Bisiach: Extinction and neglect: same or different?; T. Brandt, M. Dieterich, & T. Probst: Self-motion and ocular motor disorders affect motion perception; PART 4: John O'Keefe: The hippocampal cognitive map and navigational strategies; R.U. Muller, J.L. Kubie, E.M. Bostock, J.S. Taube, & G.J. Quirk: Spatial-firing correlates of neurons in the hippocampal formation of freely moving rats; C. Thinus-Blanc, E. Save, M-C. Buhot, & B. Poucet: The hippocampus, exploratory activity, and spatial memory; Edmund T. Rolls: Functions of the primate hippocampus in spatial processing and memory; PART 5: Michael A. Arbib: Interaction of multiple representations of space in the brain; Pietro Morasso, & Vittorio Sanguineti: Neurocomputing concepts in motor control; Jean-Claude Gilhodes, Yves Coiton, & Jean-Luc Velay: Sensorimotor space representation: a neuromimetic model; Y. Burnod & M. Dufosse: A model for the co-operation between cerebral cortex and cerebellar cortex in movement learning; Epilogue; J. Paillard: Knowing where and knowing how to get there; Index.