This test provides a culture-free measure of visual memory that is a useful alternative to the more commonly used "Recognition Memory Test for Faces". "The Camden Memory Tests" consist of five new measures. Each test was developed to fulfil a clinical need that was not met by earlier memory tests and they are intended to be used separately. Each of the tests has been standardized in a large representative cross section of an urban population, including subjects aged 70 to 85. Validation studies are presented. The localizing power of the "Topographical Recognition Memory Test" and the "Paired-Associate Learning Test" has been established by assessing patients with unilateral cerebral lesions, and the discriminative power of the "Short Recognition Memory Test for Words" and "for Faces" has been established by assessing patients with dementing illnesses. The tests are not available to bookshops. The test includes a free copy of the test manual and a free pack of scoring sheets.