Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence-Based Practice

Diagnostic and Treatment Evaluations

  • Stephen C. Bowden
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Evidence-based practice has become the benchmark for quality in healthcare and builds on rules of evidence that have been developed in psychology and other health-care disciplines over many decades. This volume aims to provide clinical neuropsychologists with a practical and approachable reference for skills in evidence-based practice to improve the scientific status of patient care. The core skills involve techniques in critical appraisal of published diagnostic-validity or treatment studies. Critical appraisal skills assist any clinician to evaluate the scientific status of any published study, to identify the patient-relevance of studies with good scientific status, and to calculate individual patient-probability estimates of diagnosis or treatment outcome to guide practice. Initial chapters in this volume review fundamental concepts of construct validity relevant to the assessment of psychopathology and cognitive abilities in neuropsychological populations. These chapters also summarize exciting contemporary development in the theories of personality and psychopathology, and cognitive ability, showing a convergence of theoretical and clinical research to guide clinical practice. Conceptual skills in interpreting construct validity of neuropsychological tests are described in detail in this volume. In addition, a non-mathematical description of the concepts of test score reliability and the neglected topic of interval estimation for individual assessment is provided. As an extension of the concepts of reliability, reliable change indexes are reviewed and the implication of impact on evidence-based practice of test scores reliability and reliable change are described to guide clinicians in their interpretation of test results on single or repeated assessments. Written by some of the foremost experts in the field of clinical neuropsychology and with practical and concrete examples throughout, this volume shows how evidence-based practice is enhanced by reference to good theory, strong construct validity, and better test score reliability.
Preface to the National Academy of Neuropsychology Book Series on Evidence-Based Practices Preface to the Fourth Volume in the National Academy of Neuropsychology Series on Evidence-Based Practices Editor Preface Contributors Chapter 1: Why do we need evidence-based neuropsychological practice? Author: Stephen Bowden. Chapter 2: Theory as evidence: Criterion validity in neuropsychological testing. Authors: Elizabeth N. Riley, Hannah L. Combs, Heather A. Davis, Gregory T. Smith. Chapter 3: Construct validity has a critical role in evidence-based neuropsychological assessment. Authors: Paul A. Jewsbury and Stephen Bowden. Chapter 4: Contemporary Psychopathology Assessment: Mapping Major Personality Inventories onto Empirical Models of Psychopathology Authors: Tayla T.C. Lee, Martin Sellbom, Christopher J. Hopwood. Chapter 5: When is a test reliable enough and why does it matter? Authors: Stephen Bowden & Sue Finch. Chapter 6: Best Practice Approaches for Evaluating Significant Change for individuals. Authors: Anton D Hinton-Bayre and Karleigh Kwapil. Chapter 7: Evidence-based Practices in Neuropsychology. Author: Gordon Chelune. Chapter 8: Evidence-Based Integration of Clinical Neuroimaging Findings in Neuropsychology. Author: Erin Bigler. Chapter 9: Use of reporting guidelines for research in clinical neuropsychology: Expanding evidence-based practice through enhanced transparency. Author: Mike Schoenberg. Chapter 10: How do I know when a diagnostic test works? Author: Martin Bunnage. Chapter 11: Applying Diagnostic Standards to Performance Validity Tests and the Individual Case. Authors: David T. R. Berry, Jordan P. Harp, Lisa Mason Koehl & Hannah L. Combs. Chapter 12: Critically Appraised Topics for Intervention Studies: Practical Implementation Methods for the Clinician-Scientist. Author: Justin B. Miller. Chapter 13: Key skills for the evidence-based practitioner. Author: Stephen Bowden.
<"Neuropsychological Assessment in the Age of Evidence-Based Practice is an essential resource and guide to the rapidly developing field of evidence-based practices in clinical neuropsychology. Professor Bowden's guide provides a review and synthesis of the current state of neuropsychological science in an easily accessible, practical and user friendly way, which allows both novices and experts to easily apply these techniques in the clinic. I will certainly be setting this book for my graduate classes in neuropsychological methods and assessment and I know that my students will benefit from the scholarship, guidance and the experience of the distinguished contributors in improving their practice in the interests of best serving their patients. A tour de force!> * Simon F. Crowe, PhD, Professor of Neuroscience and Clinical Neuropsychology, La Trobe University (Australia) * <"Neuropsychologists through their tradition as scientist-practitioners anchor their work in best practices that are evidence-based. This volume in the National Academy of Neuropsychology: Series on Evidence-based Practices focuses on Diagnostic and Treatment Evaluations, the very heart of neuropsychological practice. An impressive array of topics and scholars have been brought together under the leadership of Dr. Stephen Bowden to provide clinicians with a clear articulation of how to identify high quality research and translate findings from this research into daily clinical practice. This book will be a go-to guide for those interested in understanding the foundations of, and applying, best practices in neuropsychological patient-care.>"-Holly Tuokko, PhD, Professor of Psychology, University of Victoria <"This volume is a great step forward in promoting the evidence-based practice of clinical neuropsychology. Dr. Bowden and other contributors offer a carefully curated view of the current state of the art in applying knowledge from empirical data to clinical decision-making in both diagnostic and treatment contexts. This provides a solid foundation upon which the future of clinical neuropsychology may rest.> * Robert M. Bilder, PhD, ABPP-CN, Tennenbaum Professor of Psychiatry & Psychology, UCLA Semel Institute *
Uitgavejaar 2017
ISBN 9780190464714
Serie National Academy of Neuropsychology: Series on Evidence-Based Practices
Verschijningsdatum 7 apr. 2017
Omvang 328
Redactie Stephen C. Bowden
Auteur(s) Stephen C. Bowden
Bindwijze Gebonden
Taal Engels

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