Reproductive disruptions, such as infertility, pregnancy loss, adoption, and childhood disability, are among the most distressing experiences in people's lives. Based on research by leading medical anthropologists from around the world, this book examines such issues as local practices detrimental to safe pregnancy and birth; conflicting reproductive goals between women and men; miscommunications between pregnant women and their genetic counselors; cultural anxieties over gamete donation and adoption; the contested meanings of abortion; cultural critiques of hormone replacement therapy; and the globalization of new pharmaceutical and assisted reproductive technologies. This breadth - with its explicit move from the "local" to the "global," from the realm of everyday reproductive practice to international programs and policies - illuminates most effectively the workings of power, the tensions between women's and men's reproductive agency, and various cultural and structural inequalities in reproductive health. Marcia C. Inhorn is Professor of Medical Anthropology at the University of Michigan, where she directs the Center for Middle Eastern and North African Studies. A specialist on infertility and assisted reproductive technologies in the Muslim Middle East, she is the author or editor of four books on the subject. Her publications include Quest for Conception: Gender, Infertility, and Egyptian Medical Traditions (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1994, winner of Eileen Basker Prize for outstanding research in gender and health), Infertility and Patriarchy: The Cultural Politics of Gender and Family Life in Egypt (University of Pennsylvania Press, 1996) and Local Babies, Global Science: Gender, Religion, and In Vitro Fertilization in Egypt (Routledge Press, 2003).
Preface Marcia C. Inhorn Introduction: Defining Women's Health: A Dozen Messages from More than 150 Ethnographies Marcia C. Inhorn Appendix List of Abbreviations PART I: REPRODUCTION AND DISRUPTION: REDEFINING THE CONTOURS OF NORMALCY Chapter 1. The Dialectics of Disruption: Paradoxes of Nature and Professionalism in Contemporary American Childbearing Caroline H. Bledsoe and Rachel Scherrer Chapter 2. Designing a Woman-Centered Health Care Approach to Pregnancy Loss: Lessons from Feminist Models of Childbirth Linda Layne Chapter 3. Enlarging Reproduction, Screening Disability Rayna Rapp and Faye Ginsburg Chapter 4. Openness in Adoption: Re-Thinking FamilyA" in the US Harold D. Grotevant PART II: REPRODUCTION, GENDER AND BIOPOLITICS: lOCAL-GLOBAL INTERSECIONS AND CONTESTATATIONS Chapter 5. Can Gender EquityA" in Prenatal Genetic Services Unintentionally Reinforce Male Authority? C. H. Browner Chapter 6. When the Personal is Political: Contested Reproductive Strategies among West African Migrants in France Carolyn Sargent Chapter 7. Reproductive Disruptions and Assisted Reproductive Technologies in the Muslim World Marcia C. Inhorn Chapter 8. The Final Disruption? Biopolitics of Post-Reproductive Life Margaret Lock List of Contributors Bibliography Index