Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex

  • Richard E. Passingham
€ 52,91
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A successor to the acclaimed 'Neurobiology of the Prefrontal Cortex', 'Understanding the Prefrontal Cortex' presents a careful study of the anatomical connections in this brain region, showing how each area and subarea of the brain has a unique pattern of connections, and exploring the transformation that this area performs - from its inputs to it outputs. The book starts with two chapters of foundational material, before considering five subdivisions of the prefrontal cortex, and looking at the transformation that each one performs. Next it considers how the prefrontal cortex interacts with the rest of the brain, including not only cortical areas but also subcortical areas such as the basal ganglia and cerebellum. The book ends with a final section in which these principles are applied to the human brain. It starts by discussing the expansion of the prefrontal cortex during human evolution. It then considers how the human brain has co-opted mechanisms that existed in our primate ancestors, and by providing new inputs had extended them so as to support reasoning, remembering events from the distant past and imagining events in the distant future, the sense of self, language, the ability to understand the mental states of others, and the ability to cooperate and learn social and moral rules. Written by a leading brain scientist, the book will be an important and influential contribution to the neuroscience literature.
Foundations 1: Introduction 2: The evolution of non-human primate brains Subareas of the prefrontal cortex 3: Medial prefrontal cortex: self-generated action 4: Orbital prefrontal cortex: Evaluating resources 5: Caudal prefrontal cortex: Searching for objects 6: Dorsal prefrontal cortex: Planning sequences 7: Ventral prefrontal cortex: Associating objects Prefrontal cortex within the system as a whole 8: Prefrontal cortex: abstract rules, reinforcement and skill The human brain 9: The evolution of the prefrontal cortex in the hominins 10: Human prefrontal cortex: Reasoning, imagination, and planning 11: Human prefrontal cortex: Communication, mentalizing, and moral rules
If you want to understand the frontal lobes of the brain then there is no better guide than this. It covers both the very latest research and the seminal studies that have shaped the field. Not only does it integrate what we know about the patterns of activity that play across prefrontal neurons with neuroimaging research but it is informed by a deep understanding of anatomy and evolution. There is nothing else quite like it. * Matthew Rushworth FRS, Watts Professor, Department of Psychology and Wellcome Centre for Integrative Neuroscience (WIN), University of Oxford * A wonderful, authoritative, book on the most human region of the brain. All told from the perspective of its "geography". It is a major update and will be a rich resource for years to come.' * Earl Miller, Picower Professor of Neuroscience, MIT * For anyone who seeks to understand the function of the prefrontal cortex, the writings of Professor Passingham are the place to start. For decades, his views derived from a massive number of studies attempting to unravel the mystery of this portion of the brain have provided a guiding light. His latest thoughts on the prefrontal cortex presented in this book are invaluable. * Mark D'Esposito, Professor of Neuroscience and Psychology, Helen Wills Neuroscience Institute, University of California, Berkeley *
Uitgavejaar 2021
ISBN 9780198844570
Serie Oxford Psychology Series
Verschijningsdatum 3 jun. 2021
Omvang 528
Auteur(s) Richard E. Passingham
Reeksnummer 53
Bindwijze Paperback
Taal Engels
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